Shongphu Gewog has an area of 92.4 sq. km located to the north east of Trashigang Dzong and is bordered by Samkhar, Bidung, Radhi and Merak Gewogs. The Gewog has hot and humid climate during summer while it is cold during the winter.

Shongphu Gewog has 5 Major Chiwogs namely; Changmey-Rangjung, Galing, Yobinang-Gongsephangma, Shongphu and Chaling. The Gewog Tshogde (GT) is the main institutional body of the Gewog and has 7 GT members. GT is chaired by the Gup (Block Headman), Mangmi (Block Representative), Tshogpa (Chiwog Representative) as members and other Civil Servant as observers.